Yves Klein (1928-1962) represented the genius of the French avant-garde scene in the 1950s and 1960s. Lee Ufan (b. 1936) contributed a conceptual framework and practice to the Mono-ha (School of Things) movement of the late 1960s to early 1970s of Japan and a keen advocate for the Dansaekhwa (monochrome painting) movement that emerged in the 1970s in Korea. Ding Yi (b. 1962) has been known since the 1980s for his abstract paintings built up of crosses, a culmination of Chinese contemporary art post the cultural cum political turmoils of the 1960s to 1970s.
This is the first time the works of Yves Klein and Lee Ufan are shown in China under a common artistic umbrella with their Chinese colleague Ding Yi.
This collaboration opens a new appraisal of avant-gardism in the second half of the 20th century, over seven decades and cascading three generations. These artists pioneered various points that could breathe with the public by introducing unique material, colors, and performance elements into the non-popular, elitist, metaphysical contexts of avant-garde art. Furthermore, the artists’ origins from different cultures, times and locations opened new horizons for the comparative study of avant-garde art between the west and the east. Their works challenge us to reassess our relationship to art, society and the public in the global, cross-cultural context we live in.
‘The Challenging Souls’ is therefore a research project which examines the trajectory of the experimental art movement, comparing the visual languages of three artists who have prevailed social changes and upheavals since the 1960s. In doing so, one also has to discount the rise of the contemporary art market and its implications on values and artistic power. The return to experimentation, in any art form, is probably the biggest lesson we learn in order to push back the boundaries of our artistic inclinations.
Curators: Yongwoo Lee, Gong Yan